AcetoneDetecting Acetone

Formula: C3H6O | CAS: 67-64-1

Detecting acetone: Acetone poisoning occurs when there’s more acetone in your body than your liver can break down.

Detecting acetone in many consumer products?

The majority of the world’s acetone is used as a solvent, but it also has laboratory, medical, cosmetic and other uses. Acetone’s most well-known use is in nail salons, but it appears in many other industries:

  • Printing – as a cleaning solvent
  • Adhesives Manufacturing – most commonly in carpet adhesives
  • Wood Stains and Varnishes – for varnish solvents – very common in households
  • Paint Stripping – as a solvent, also common in households
  • Polystyrene Manufacture – for polystyrene production
  • Machinery Manufacture and Repair – as a cleaning solvent
  • SBR Latex Production – as a solvent
  • Electroplating – as a vapour degreaser and cold-cleaning solvent

When acetone is breathed in or ingested it can be absorbed into the body. This can cause headache, movement problems, tiredness slurred speech, nausea, vomiting and fitting. There may be a fruity smell on the breath. In severe cases there may be a swelling of the brain, unconsciousness, low body temperature and slowed breathing.

Effects of Short & Long term exposure to acetone

Mild nervous system effects such as eye and respiratory irritation, mood swings, and nausea that abated soon after exposure ended were seen in humans breathing high concentrations of acetone. Accidental poisonings report similar nervous system effects of sluggishness and drowsiness that were not long lasting.

Humans exposed to high levels of acetone by inhalation experienced eye and nasal irritation. Exposure to somewhat lower concentrations did not cause any adverse health effects. In another study, groups of students were exposed by inhalation to acetone for six hours. At the higher concentrations, eye, nose and throat irritation were observed.

Workers exposed by inhalation to acetone for three hours per day for seven to 15 years complained of respiratory tract irritation, dizziness, and loss of strength.
In animals exposed to very high doses of acetone in drinking water, effects on the blood indicating an anemic condition were reported.

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Everything you need to know about detecting acetone

Our Gas Factsheets which is available to download below provides you with key information on the exposure limits and the locations of where potentially harmful gases can occur. We also share information on gas detection monitoring techniques and equipment that can help you manage gas detection in the workplace, for worker and site safety.

detecting acetone instrument gas factsheet

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Detecting Acetone

Formula: C3H6O | CAS: 67-64-1

Synonyms: propan-2-one, d-acetone, dimethylcetone, isopropanal, methylketone, Sasetone, methyl-ketone, b-ketopropane, 2-propanal, methyl methyl ketone, dimethyl ketone, methyl ketone, dimethylformaldehyde, pyroacetic ether, beta-ketopropane, ketone propane, pyroacetic acid, dimethylketone, beta-ketopropane, UN1090, RCRA waste no. U002, d-acetone, dimethylcetone, isopropanal, methylketone, Sasetone, methyl-ketone, b-ketopropane, 2-propanal, methyl methyl ketone, 2-propanone, propanone

Acetone finds major use in the manufacture of methacrylate. Acetone is a widely used solvent, particularly for cellulose acetate and various resins, paints varnishes and lacquers.

Specification Value/Information
Formula C3H6O
CAS no. 67-64-1
Gas Response Factor, 11.7 eV 1.7
Gas Response Factor, 10.6 eV 1.2
Gas Response Factor, 10.0 eV 1.20
ppm per mg/m⁻³, (20 °C, 1 bar) 0.414
Molecular Weight, g/mole 58.1
Melting point, °C -94
Boiling point, °C 56
Flash point, °C -18
Upper Explosive Limit, % 14.3
Lower Explosive Limit, % 2.5
Specification Value/Information
Density,⁻³ 0.791
Ionisation Energy, eV 9.69
EH40 TWA, ppm 500
EH40 TWA, mg.m⁻³ 1210
EH40 STEL, ppm 1500
EH40 STEL, mg.m⁻³ 3620
NIOSH TWA REL, ppm 250
NIOSH TWA REL, mg.m⁻³ 590
NIOSH IDLH, ppm 2500
OSHA TWA PEL, ppm 1000
OSHA TWA PEL, mg.m⁻³ 2400

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